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.Hyrax application as a tooth-borne distractor for maxillary advancement

.Journal of Craniofacial Surgery . 2011 Jul;22(4):1361-6

Abstract

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become a mainstream surgical technique for patients with jaw deformities. The aim of this study was to report the use of internal DO in the treatment of maxillary hypoplasia in a patient with cleft lip and palate. The case illustrates a 17-year-old boy with class III malocclusion, maxillary deficiency, and cleft lip and palate. Because the patient was experiencing severe hypernasality, it was decided to treat him by DO. The treatment process began by mounting a hyrax in the upper jaw for lateral expansion. A second hyrax was mounted in a way to create anteroposterior expansion. One day after the second hyrax application, the patient underwent a modified Le Fort I osteotomy. He was instructed to turn the screws twice per day for 12 days. The treatment was continued by means of a conventional face mask for 2 months. After 16 months of active treatment, favorable correction of the skeletal problem was observed. The S-N-A angle increased by 5 degrees, and patient’s hypernasality was comprehensively improved

.Treatment of maxillary deficiency by miniplates: a case report

.ISRN Surgery . 2011;2011:854924

Abstract

Introduction. Numerous devices have been introduced for correction of Class III malocclusion and maxillary deficiency. Aim. To assess the dentoskeletal effects of miniplates combined with Class III traction in treating Cl III malocclusion and maxillary deficiency in growing patients. Methods. This case describes the treatment of a maxillary-deficient 11-year-old boy by using miniplates. The patient’s parents rejected the use of extraoral appliances and major surgical correction; therefore the treatment was done by using Class III elastics connected from two mandibular miniplates to an upper removable appliance. Two miniplates were inserted in the anterior part of the mandible in the canine areas under local anaesthesia. The treatment lasted for 10 months after which favourable correction of the malocclusion was observed. Results. The SNA and ANB angles increased by 5.1° and 4.4°, respectively. Lower 1 to mandibular plane decreased by 3.4°. Conclusions. This case demonstrates that miniplates can be a suitable method to extraoral appliances and major surgery in maxillary deficiency cases

.Strength of attachment between band and glass ionomer cement

.Australian Orthodontic Journal. 2010 Nov;26(2):149-52

:AIM

.To determine the strength of attachment between plain stainless steel band material and glass ionomer cemen

:METHODS

Seventy-five extracted upper premolars, free of visible structural defects, were used. The teeth were divided randomly into three groups and embedded in acrylic resin blocks. A short length of plain, stainless steel band material with a welded stainless steel standard edgewise 0.022 inch bracket was adapted to the buccal surface of each tooth. The bracket-stainless steel pads were then cemented to the teeth with either Bandtite (Group 1), Granitec (Group 2) or Ariadent (Group 3) glass ionomer cement and stored in an incubator at 37 degrees C for 30 days. The shear bond strengths of the specimens were measured and compared

:RESULTS

The mean shear bond strengths (SBS) were significantly different: Bandtite 0.7331 +/- 0.056 Mpa; Granitec 0.3869 +/- 0.047 Mpa; Ariadent 0.2931 +/- 0.033 Mpa (ANOVA, p < 0.001). Tukey HSD post-hoc tests also showed significant differences between Bandtite and Granitec, Bandtite and Ariadent, and Granitec and Ariadent (p < 0.001). All specimens failed at the band-cement interface

:CONCLUSION

The highest and lowest SBS were related to Bandtite and Ariadent cements, respectively. All cements had bond strengths less than the range of bond strengths considered to be clinically acceptable for bonded orthodontic attachments. Mechanical factors are important for band retention